Good farming practice
Advice on ways to help you protect the environment and comply with environmental legislation.
We are still developing this section of our website - your feedback will help us improve it.
The Code of Good Agricultural Practice (Welsh Government) is a practical guide to help farmers and land managers protect the environment in which they work.
Agricultural waste is any substance or object from premises used for agriculture or horticulture, which the holder discards, intends to discard or is required to discard. It is waste specifically generated by agricultural activities.
As a farm, your land may be at risk of flooding even if your house is not. There are lots of small, simple steps you can take to both prepare your farm for flooding and reduce the impact of a flood on your farm.
If you own land or property alongside a river or other watercourse, including a culvert, make sure you know your rights and responsibilities for managing water.
Guidance on using sheep dip
You must register an exemption / apply for an environmental permit if you want to dispose of any used dip to land, even for small quantities.
Intensive farming (pigs and poultry)
If you farm pigs and poultry on a large scale, you may need an environmental permit.
Managing trees on your land
It is an offence to fell trees without a licence if an exemption does not apply.
Septic tanks and sewage treatment system
If your farm has a septic tank then there is a legal requirement to register with us. If your farm has a private sewage treatment system or makes any other discharges to water, you may need an environmental permit.
- Water discharge and groundwater activity exemptions
- Register your septic tank or package sewage treatment plant
If you manage land within a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), you must manage it in a way that helps conserve its special wildlife and geological features.
Some plants and animals, including their breeding sites and resting places, are protected against disturbance and harm.
Storing slurry and silage
Slurry and silage effluent is a strong pollutant that removes oxygen from the water, killing fish and water insects. Fuel oil can also have a damaging effect on birds and other river life.
We've produced a guidance leaflet which helps explain the legal requirements within the Silage, Slurry and Agricultural Fuel Oil Regulations.
- Download a copy of the SSAFO Guidance leaflet
- Slurry spreading after prolonged wet weather
- Temporary Slurry Storage
If you are planning to take water from the ground or from surface water you may need to get a licence from us.
Working in or near rivers
If you are planning to do any work in or near a watercourse, you may need to apply for various permissions before you start.
Blue green algae
Blue-green algae naturally occur in inland waters, estuaries and the sea. Blooms can form when their numbers become excessive. Our blue green algae leaflet describes characteristic features of blue-green algal blooms, how they affect you and what you should do if you see one.
- Our role in agriculture