South Wales leaflet
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A dune wildlife haven rich in archaeology
Set on the South Wales coast, Merthyr Mawr Warren National Nature Reserve is home to the highest dune in Wales, known as the Big Dipper.
The dune system here is like no other in Wales, partly due to the huge area it covers – it extends to 840 acres (the size of 340 international rugby pitches!).
Merthyr Mawr is a haven for wildlife. Sand has settled on top of the ancient limestone cliffs creating a special habitat for insects, fungi and plants.
There are also grasslands, saltmarsh, beach and woods within the reserve.
Flints from the Stone Age, burial mounds and pottery from the Bronze Age, hearths from the Iron Age, and Roman tiles have all been discovered here.
Merthyr Mawr Warren is a National Nature Reserve.
National Nature Reserves are places with some of the very finest examples of wildlife habitats and geological features.
There are over 70 National Nature Reserves in Wales.
Depending on when you visit, you are likely to see different wildlife.
Read on to find out what you could see here during the different seasons.
Flowers colour the dunes throughout the year in a succession of purples, yellows and blues. In spring there are violets and wild pansies followed by orchids in summer.
A rich range of fungi emerge in the autumn alongside flowers like autumn ladies-tresses and autumn gentian.
The combination of a comparatively warm sunny site, lots of nectar from wildflowers and easy-to-burrow-into sandy soils creates an ideal home for a wide range of insects.
Look out for striking red-caped cinnabar moths from May, followed by equally showy and similarly coloured six-spot burnet moths.
Butterflies include grizzled and dingy skippers, dark green fritillaries, small heaths and common and small blues.
The warm conditions provided by the sand dunes provide ideal conditions for a number of reptiles including adders, common lizards, grass snakes and slow worms.
All of the walking trails are waymarked.
½ mile, 1 kilometre, strenuous
Climb the highest sand dune in Wales, known locally as the Big Dipper, which is actually a dune formed on top of a limestone ridge. Enjoy the spectacular views from the top after you have climbed uphill on the soft sand.
1 mile, 1.8 kilometre, moderate
If you want to get straight to the beach, cross the bridge and follow the waymarked Beach Walk. Along the way, you will experience Merthyr Mawr Warren’s sand dunes and its variety of wildlife and habitats.
2¼ miles, 3.5 kilometres, moderate
Enjoy panoramic coastal views from the limestone ridge. This trail starts approximately 500 metres from the Newton Car Park, a privately owned pay and display car park at the western end of the reserve.
As well as our waymarked walking trails, there are also many public paths that meander around the reserve and woodland.
A section of the Wales Coast Path hugs the edge of Merthyr Mawr Warren.
There are three horse riding routes from the Candleston car park through the dunes.
These trails are waymarked with horse symbols and vary in length from 2½ miles (3.8 kilometres) to 4½ miles (7.4 kilometres). There is a total of 9 miles (15.4 kilometres) of trails.
Horse boxes can park in the Candleston car park which is a pay and display car park.
Please note: You need a permit to ride these trails. Permits are available from the Merthyr Mawr Estate Office, CF32 0LR; tel: 01656 662413.
There are basic toilet facilities which are open 24 hours.
The main car park for Merthyr Mawr is the Candleston car park. It is four miles from Bridgend.
The OS grid reference for the Candleston car park is SS 871 772.
This car park is owned and managed by Merthyr Mawr Estate and there is a parking charge.
From Bridgend take the B4265 to Candleston Castle and Merthyr Mawr Warren. At the roundabout take the third exit onto the A48. Turn off to the left when you reach Merthyr mawr Road. Follow this road until you reach Candleston Castle and the car park.
The nearest train station is in Bridgend.
There is a bus service from Bridgend bus station to the village of Newton at the westerly end of the reserve.
For details of public transport visit www.traveline-cymru.info
Tel: 0300 065 3000
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