Energy Efficiency Directive – Article 14 requirements

Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU)

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the EU in order to achieve its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. The Directive requires all EU countries to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain from its production to its final consumption. 

Energy Efficiency Directive - Article 14

Article 14 relates to the ‘Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling’ and seeks to further encourage the application of high efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling, and sets out requirements to achieve this.

The provisions of Article 14 are implemented via an amendment to the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010 (EPR 2010). 

Cost benefit assessments (CBA) for installations under Article 14 of the EED

From March 2015, operators of certain types of combustion installations may need to carry out a cost benefit assessment (CBA) of opportunities for cogeneration (also known as combined heat and power) or supplying a district heating or cooling network when applying for a new environmental permit, or for a variation when substantially refurbishing* an existing installation.

The requirement for a cost benefit assessment only applies to:

  • New combustion plants (including power stations and energy from waste plants) with a total net thermal input of more than 20MW
  • Substantial refurbishment of an existing combustion plants with a total net thermal input of more than 20MW

*substantially refurbished is defined as a refurbishment whose cost exceeds 50% of the investment cost for a new comparable unit 

Energy efficiency guidance

For further advice and guidance regarding Article 14 requirements please contact your local area office or the Customer Service Centre.

General enquiries email -

General enquiries number 0300 065 3000 

Customer Service Centre
Natural Resources Wales
29 Newport Road
Cambria House
CF24 0TP.

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